Marco C Pazos

Mine Tour, Potosí


Potosí is located in the south of Bolivia and is a city in which many people depend of the harshness of the mines to make a living. It has an elevation of about 4,090 meters, making it one of the highest cities in the world.

After an almost 3-hour bus ride from Sucre, we reached Potosí at night. Friends of us recommended Koala Den Hostel and that’s were we stayed. It’s a simple yet convenient hostel with reasonable prices and located close to the main plaza of the city (Plaza 10 de Noviembre).

Catedral Basilica of Potosí
Casa de la Moneda

Through the hostel, we were able to do the mine tour with Koala Tours at the next day. Most of the tourists did the guided tour in English and our guided tour in Spanish was more personalized. It started at around 8:30am and the first stop was to get the equipment for each person (helmets, flashlights, boots, jackets and pants).

The next stop was at the miners market. We were advised to buy some gifts to them as in good gesture since they were letting us in the mines (ideally they preferred coca leaves or alcohol) and we chose the former. It’s a crowded market where you can pretty much find everything. There was a lot of alcohol being transported up to the mines since at that moment, miners were doing the llama sacrifices ritual or “Wilancha”. During this tradition there is a good amount of alcohol consumption.

Llamas being transported to the mine

After this, we did a quick tour of the mineral factory in which you learn the process of mineral purification after its extracted from the mines.

Finally, the group went up the hill where the mine was located. Just outside of the mine, many miners were drinking and about to do the ritual in which llamas are sacrificed. The blood of the llamas is spread on the bodies and faces of the miners and inside the mine. Some organs are buried to honor the Pachamama or mother earth in order to be prosperous and to be safe when working at the mines since accidents can occur. This ritual is not something that I would not have liked to witness but it was part of the experience.

Miners with their families outside of the mine. Photo by Jose Luis Toral

Once inside the mine, you realize how hard and sad the conditions are for miners to work there. They risk their lives everyday day in return of a low wage but at the end of the day, that’s how they make a living and bring food to the table. It’s a good idea to bring handkerchiefs or something to cover your mouth and nose as the mine has a lot of dust.

Our tour guide himself was a miner and he explained to us how some miners can purchase small sections of the mine. This will give a miner the opportunity of being the only one who can extract minerals from that particular section.

Walk inside the mine. Photo by Jose Luis Toral

Inside the mine, miners perform rituals to ask “El Tio” – a statue that looks like a demon – for protection. The miners would try to make El Tio happy by talking to him, drinking alcohol with him and leaving him some coca leaves. Our tour guide gave us a shot of alcohol (96 degree) that burned inside of you for a couple of minutes while he was explaining to us about El Tio.  He told us how each miner would try to take care of his coworkers. If one of them had family problems or was somewhat depressed, his coworkers would not let him inside the mines as full concentration to work is needed and there is no room for mistake.

“El Tio” next to our tour guide. Photo by Jose Luis Toral

As we kept going forward after a tiring walk and finally saw the light at the end of the mine, I could only think the respect that I have for these miners. The mine tour in Potosí is definitely a tough experience for anyone to see but it’s a reality for many people who struggle and risk their lives at work everyday.

Next stop: Salar de Uyuni.